The world's whitest paint can cool your house — and the Earth

It reflects more than 98% of sunlight and makes surfaces cooler than the air around them.

A newly created paint reflects up to 98.1% of sunlight, making it the whitest white paint ever invented — and potentially a new weapon in the fight against global warming.

“If you were to use this paint to cover a roof area of about 1,000 square feet, we estimate that you could get a cooling power of 10 kilowatts,” Purdue University researcher Xiulin Ruan said in a press release.

“That’s more powerful than the central air conditioners used by most houses.”

The challenge: The world is currently stuck in a dangerous cycle. As the planet gets warmer, people are increasing their use of air conditioners — and because most of those systems are powered by electricity from fossil fuels, their use contributes to global warming.

Besides that, air conditioning ain’t cheap (just ask your dad).

Cool roof, cool house: When sunlight hits an object, some of the light and heat is absorbed and some is reflected — the amount tends to depend on the object’s color, with lighter shades being more reflective than darker ones.

White is the most reflective color, and people have been painting their roofs with white paint to cut home cooling costs for years.

The Purdue researchers wanted to see just how reflective they could make a white paint, potentially easing the burden on air conditioners even more.

How they did it: After analyzing a variety of commercial products, they discovered that barium sulfate, a chemical compound used in photo paper and cosmetics, can make objects really reflective, so they decided to use that as the pigment for the whitest white paint.

To maximize the paint’s reflectiveness, they used a high concentration of the compound — about 60% — and varied the size of its particles.

“A high concentration of particles that are also different sizes gives the paint the broadest spectral scattering, which contributes to the highest reflectance,” researcher Joseph Peoples said.

We think this paint will be made widely available to the market, in one or two years.

Xiulin Ruan

Beat the heat: The finished product reflects up to 98.1% of sunlight and also repels heat. During testing, outdoor surfaces coated in the whitest white paint were 8 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than the air around them at noon, and 19 degrees Fahrenheit cooler at night.

Commercially available heat-rejecting paints can only reflect up to 90% of sunlight and can’t cool surfaces. Some standard white paints actually absorb heat, making surfaces warmer.

The gray areas: The paint’s long term durability still needs to be tested, as does the impact of dirt and other environmental factors on its reflectiveness.

Andrew Parnell, who researches sustainable coatings at the University of Sheffield, also pointed out to the Guardian that someone needs to compare the benefits of the whitest white paint with the environmental cost of mining barium sulphate.

“The principle is very exciting and the science (in the new study) is good,” he said. “But I think there might be logistical problems that are not trivial. How many million tonnes (of barium sulphate) would you need?”

The next steps: The whitest white paint could be produced using commercial methods, according to the researchers, and would cost about the same as other paints. They’ve filed a patent for the paint and are now in talks with a large corporation about manufacturing it.

“We think this paint will be made widely available to the market, in one or two years, I hope, if we do it quickly,” Ruan told the Guardian.

We’d love to hear from you! If you have a comment about this article or if you have a tip for a future Freethink story, please email us at [email protected].

This global prize competition is launching small moonshots to save the planet
Prince William’s “Earthshot” strategy hopes to hedge humanity’s bet and tackle multiple environmental crises.
A mineral produced by plate tectonics has a global cooling effect, study finds
Geologists have found that tectonic activity gives rise to smectite, a type of clay that can sequester a surprising amount of organic carbon.
Grinding scientists: Mechanochemistry could revolutionize the creation of new materials
Like a kitchen mortar and pestle, mechanochemistry harnesses ball milling to create chemical compounds, simpler, and faster than traditional methods.
A new machine is able to keep the brain alive without a heart
A new device that lets scientists precisely control the brain’s blood supply could lead to new neuroscience breakthroughs.
MIT physicists turn pencil lead into “gold”
MIT physicists have metaphorically turned graphite, or pencil lead, into gold by isolating five ultrathin flakes.
Up Next
Perovskite Solar Cells
Subscribe to Freethink for more great stories