NASA’s massive moon rocket is finally ready for launch (Updated)

The SLS is just days away from its first trip into space.

Update, 11/16/22, 11:38 a.m. ET: SLS lifted off from Launch Complex 39B at Kennedy Space Center at 1:47 a.m. ET on November 16. Nearly two hours later, the Orion spacecraft separated from the rocket’s upper stage and is currently headed toward the moon.

“Today, we got to witness the world’s most powerful rocket take the Earth by its edges and shake the wicked out of it,” said Mike Sarafin, NASA’s Artemis mission manager. “We have a priority one mission in play right now.”

NASA’s massive new moon rocket — the Space Launch System (SLS) — is finally ready for launch, putting humans a major step closer to once again walking on the moon’s surface.

The rocket: The SLS is one of the biggest rockets ever built, standing 322 feet tall and weighing 5.5 million pounds at launch. For comparison, NASA’s Saturn V — its last moon rocket, first launched in 1967 — was 363 feet tall and weighed 6.2 million pounds.

The SLS is the most powerful rocket ever built, generating 15% more thrust than the Saturn V. That will allow it to send an Orion capsule — with or without astronauts — past low Earth orbit and toward the moon, Mars, or deeper space.

The four-mile journey from the hanger to the launchpad took 10 hours.

Ready for launch: When NASA began developing the SLS in 2011, the plan was to have the rocket ready for an uncrewed test flight in 2016 — but that launch has been delayed more than a dozen times.

Now, for seemingly the first time ever, something involving the SLS is ahead of schedule: NASA had planned to wait until August 18 to move the moon rocket to its launchpad at Kennedy Space Center, but decided last-minute to accelerate the schedule by two days.

It took nearly 10 hours for the SLS to make the four-mile journey from its hanger to the launchpad aboard crawler-transporter 2 (CT-2), a tank-like vehicle larger than a baseball infield, but the trip went off without a hitch.

Soon: NASA is now prepping the SLS rocket systems for launch. The first two-hour window for that opens on ​August 29 at 8:33 a.m., but if that doesn’t pan out, NASA has September 2 and 5 as backups. You can watch the livestream of the launch via the livestream below.

During this first flight, an uncrewed Orion capsule will journey around the moon before returning to Earth 42 days later for an ocean splashdown. According to the latest plan, NASA will then use an SLS to send an Orion capsule crewed by two astronauts around the moon in May 2024.

The third SLS launch, set to happen in 2025, will be crewed by up to four astronauts, and this time, two crew members will travel to the moon’s surface — returning humans to the moon for the first time in more than 50 years.

Update, 8/30/22, 9:00 a.m. ET: This article was updated to include NASA’s livestream of the SLS launch.

We’d love to hear from you! If you have a comment about this article or if you have a tip for a future Freethink story, please email us at [email protected].

DARPA is developing an X-plane steered only by blasts of air
DARPA is developing an X-plane that uses “active flow control” to maneuver, rather than traditional flight control surfaces.
Could hydrogen-fuelled flights be a reality by 2035?
By 2035, hydrogen fuel cells could be used to electrify mid-range flights and hydrogen combustion aircraft could be used on long-haul flights.
Startup’s bladeless flying car is designed to reach Mach 0.8
Jetoptera is designing quieter, safer vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) vehicles with bladeless propulsion systems.
NASA announces alien-hunting Habitable Worlds Observatory
NASA has announced that it is developing the Habitable Worlds Observatory, a new space telescope optimized to hunt for extraterrestrial life.
World’s largest plane sets new flight record
A new test flight puts the world’s largest plane one step closer to helping the US develop — and respond to — hypersonic weapons.
Up Next
Subscribe to Freethink for more great stories