Watch a helicopter attempt to catch a falling rocket (Updated)

Rocket Lab has a unique approach to rocket recovery.

Update, May 2, 7:10 p.m. ET: Rocket Lab’s booster recovery attempt was a success. The company will now study the booster to see if it is suitable for reuse.

Update, April 28, 10:40 a.m. ET: Rocket Lab has pushed the launch back to April 29 to take advantage of more favorable weather conditions.

On April 28, aerospace startup Rocket Lab will attempt to catch a falling rocket using a long hook dangling from a helicopter — and you can watch the whole thing go down live.

If Rocket Lab can capture and refurbish its rockets, it will join SpaceX as the only company offering orbital launches with reusable rockets — radically reducing the cost of space access.

The challenge: Since the 1950s, after delivering their payloads to space, most spent rockets have either become space junk or gotten destroyed while reentering Earth’s atmosphere. Reusable rockets, however, are built to be recovered after a launch and then flown again, which can significantly cut launch costs.

Existing options for recovering rockets have their drawbacks, though. Powered landings require carrying extra fuel, but ocean splashdowns can damage hardware and increase refurbishment costs.

“Trying to catch a rocket as it falls back to Earth is no easy feat — we’re absolutely threading the needle here.”

Peter Beck

Heads up: Rocket Lab is exploring a third option: use a helicopter to snatch a falling rocket before it reaches the ground or ocean.

On April 28, the company plans to use its Electron rocket to place 34 satellites into orbit. Less than 3 minutes after launch, the rocket’s first stage will separate from its second and start falling back to Earth. 

Two parachutes will slow the rocket’s descent from more than ​​5,000 miles per hour to 22 mph. A helicopter will then attempt to attach to the main parachute with a hook. If successful, it will carry the dangling rocket from over the ocean to land where it can be recovered. 

“We’re excited to enter this next phase of the Electron recovery program,” said CEO Peter Beck. 

“We’ve conducted many successful helicopter captures with replica stages, carried out extensive parachute tests, and successfully recovered Electron’s first stage from the ocean [three times],” he continued. “Now it’s time to put it all together for the first time and pluck Electron from the skies.”

The big picture: Reusability would be a huge step forward for Rocket Lab — in 2019, Beck predicted that it would allow the company to double the number of launches it carried out every year without spending any more money on building rockets. 

Currently, SpaceX is the only company offering customers orbital launches using cost-saving reusable rockets, so Rocket Lab would be joining a very small group of providers serving a quickly growing satellite market — if it can grab its falling rocket from mid-air.

“Trying to catch a rocket as it falls back to Earth is no easy feat — we’re absolutely threading the needle here — but pushing the limits with such complex operations is in our DNA,” said Beck.

We’d love to hear from you! If you have a comment about this article or if you have a tip for a future Freethink story, please email us at [email protected].

Related
Watch NASA’s DART spacecraft slam into an asteroid 
NASA has slammed its DART spacecraft into an asteroid in the world’s first demonstration of planetary defense technology.
Elon Musk: Starship rocket “highly likely” to fly in November 
SpaceX’s massive Starship rocket is “highly likely” to complete its first orbital test flight in November 2022, according to CEO Elon Musk.
China has discovered a brand new moon mineral
A new moon mineral discovered by China contains helium-3, an element that could one day fuel nuclear fusion reactors on Earth.
NASA’s DART spacecraft is about to smash into an asteroid
The DART spacecraft is now close enough to image the asteroid system it plans to slam into as part of NASA’s planetary defense efforts.
Air Canada orders 30 electric-hybrid aircraft for takeoff in 2028
Flag carrier Air Canada has announced plans to have electric-hybrid planes on regional and commuter routes by 2028.
Subscribe to Freethink for more great stories